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  1. Disinfection in On-Farm Biosecurity Procedures

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/vme-8

    closely at their biosecurity plans or their efforts to keep the diseases out of their herds or flocks. ... the concentrations usually used on clean surfaces. In addition, even “hard” water can reduce or ... be used. These conditions include hard water, contamination with organic material, and potential for ...

  2. Growing Cabbage in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1611

    plenty of organic matter. Mulching around the plants will help keep the ground cool and moist. Cabbage ... water when needed; about 1 inch per week is adequate if an equal amount of rainfall does not occur.  ... foliage and water early in the day to promote leaf drying. If clubroot becomes a problem, add lime to the ...

  3. Mold Has Grown on Your Food: What Should You Do?

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5592

    foods, recommendations have become more conservative over time. Below is a summary of how to handle ... regarding mycotoxin formation on prepared foods has led to more conservative recommendations on how mold ... little headspace, or under-processing. Mold formation in the top of home-canned food. How can you avoid ...

  4. Phomopsis Cane and Leaf Spot of Grape

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-47

    mature. Berries become resistant to black rot infection by three to four weeks after bloom. Fruit rot ... (pre-bloom to two to four weeks after bloom). Once inside green tissues of the berry, the fungus becomes ... infections that occurred during bloom. Causal Organism and Disease Cycle Figure 5. Phomopsis fruiting bodies ...

  5. Grapevine Nutrient Management: Petiole Sampling and Analysis

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1438

    growing season. Routine vine nutrient assessment: Full bloom (Fig. 2): When approximately 50 to 80% of ... clusters; Fig. 3). For general vine nutrient assessment, bloom time sampling is not recommended due to the ... frequent changes in tissue nutrient concentrations. However, bloom time sampling may be useful as ...

  6. Jams, Jellies, and Other Fruit Spreads

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5350

    water and rinse, or wash in dishwasher. Sterilize the jars by boiling them for 10 minutes. Keep the jars ... If adding sugar, note on each jar how much sugar it contains. This will be needed to adjust recipes ... add cold water. For apples and other hard fruits, add up to 1 cup per pound of fruit. For berries and ...

  7. Ammonia Emission from Animal Feeding Operations and Its Impacts

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-723.1

    window-cleaning products contain ammonia. It is lighter than air and highly soluble in water. In water it becomes ... atmosphere, poultry production 33%, and swine 12% (Figure 2). How is ammonia emission generated? Ammonia (NH₃) ... urea during manure storage and decomposition. When ammonia is produced with water present, it becomes ...

  8. Growing Giant Pumpkins in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1646

    How to Successfully Grow a Giant Pumpkin in Your Backyard HYG-1646 Agriculture and Natural ... Avoid shaded areas and select an area with good surface drainage. Proximity to a water source is ... important, also, as these pumpkins will require large amounts of water to reach maximum size. Preparation of ...

  9. Food Preservation: Making Jerky

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5362

    safely, it is nutrient dense, shelf stable and light weight. Specifically, jerky is meat that has been ... after drying is needed to destroy these bacteria. Food Safety Safe handling and preparation of meat ... products requires the following practices: Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after ...

  10. Cover Crop Fundamentals

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-142

    how they can best be used in modern farming practices to supplement or replace purchased inputs. Cover ... improved whenever a plant establishes roots and grows into compacted areas. Water infiltration is improved ... as well. When a field lays fallow for a period of time, the surface tends to seal and water will run ...

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